Biography of Queen Elizabeth IIQueen Elizabeth II is one of the most influential women in the world, leading the Windsor dynasty and serving as the Queen of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland for over 65 years. A skillful politician who knows how to stand her ground, she symbolizes her nation and enjoys immense popularity and love from her people.
Childhood and FamilyQueen Elizabeth II is the eldest daughter of Prince Albert, born on April 21, 1926, in a Mayfair mansion on Bruton Street during the reign of her grandfather, King George V. Her full name is Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, named after her mother, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.
As expected for a princess, Elizabeth studied both humanities and sciences but paid special attention to law, including international law, receiving a solid education without leaving the palace. She was particularly proud of her excellent command of the French language, which she learned on her own.
In 1943, the princess officially took on an advisory role. Contrary to popular belief, Elizabeth never served in the military but was part of a women's defense unit. She learned to drive an ambulance, setting an example for British women.
In 1947, on her birthday, Elizabeth again addressed the nation, pledging her life to Britain. That same year, she married Prince Philip of Denmark.
CoronationNews of King George VI's death reached the princess in Kenya, where she and her husband had spent a few days at the Tree Tops hotel, perched among the branches of a massive ancient tree. According to some accounts, the hotel's guest register entry for February 7, 1952, stated that for the first time in the history of civilization, a princess ascended a tree but descended as a queen.
ReignIn strict accordance with the traditions of a parliamentary monarchy, the queen carries out ceremonial duties and does not have the right to influence the governance of the country. After her coronation, Elizabeth II embarked on a six-month tour of British colonies, Commonwealth nations, and other countries worldwide.
Personal Life of Elizabeth IIIn his youth, Prince Philip, the grandson of the King of Greece, was a tall, handsome blonde who was strikingly handsome. At a tea party in Dartmouth in 1937, the young man didn't immediately notice the girl who couldn't take her eyes off him. After the reception, that girl, Princess Elizabeth, locked herself in her room and wrote a letter to the handsome prince.
Last Years of Life and DeathIn 2021, Queen Elizabeth II turned 95, having reigned for 68 of those years. For several years now, headlines about her declining health have been frequently appearing in the media. For instance, in 2017 she missed the Christmas service for the first time, citing a cold.
The news of the first-ever same-sex marriage in the royal family between Ivar Mountbatten, a cousin of Duke Philip, and his partner James Coyle, caused quite a stir. The wedding ceremony took place in Devon in 2018, but neither the Queen nor her husband were in attendance.
As traditions of constitutional monarchy dictate, the Queen should not interfere in politics. However, the authority and longevity of Elizabeth II's reign allowed her to subtly influence events. Queen Elizabeth II was the most powerful woman in the world but, as many researchers note, she never used her influence for personal gain.
In January 2021, the Queen and her husband received their Covid-19 vaccinations. In February, Prince Philip was hospitalized, but Buckingham Palace emphasized that it was not due to the coronavirus. The Prince began to recover, but age and health issues took their toll. On April 9, 2021, Queen Elizabeth became a widow. The Duke of Edinburgh fell just two months short of his 100th birthday.
On September 8, 2022, British media raised alarms: the Queen's doctors announced they were concerned about her health. Specifically, a BBC correspondent stated that "one should prepare for the worst." Crowds began to gather at Buckingham Palace. All family members, even Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, who had strained relations with the royal family, urgently booked tickets to London.