Elizabeth II biographyElizabeth II is one of the most influential women in the world, the head of the Windsor dynasty, who has been the Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland for more than 65 years. She is a flexible politician who is able to defend her opinion; she is a symbol of her country and enjoys particular popularity and love of the people.
Childhood and familyElizabeth II is the eldest daughter of Prince Albert, born on April 21, 1926, at Bruton Street in Mayfair mansion during the reign of George V, who was her grandfather. The full name of the monarch is Elizabeth Alexandra Mary. The girl received the name in honor of her mother, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.
As befits a princess, Elizabeth studied the humanities and the exact sciences, but she paid special attention to the law, including international, and received a decent education without leaving the palace. The princess’s pride was her excellent knowledge of French, which she learned on her own.
In 1943, the princess officially took up the position of adviser. Contrary to popular belief, Elizabeth did not perform military service but was in the women’s self-defense detached force, she learned to drive an ambulance, thereby setting an example for women in Britain.
In 1947, on her birthday, Elizabeth again spoke on the radio, assuring the British people that her whole life would be devoted to Britain. In the same year, her marriage to Philip, Prince of Denmark took place.
CoronationThe news of the death of George IV overtook the princess in Kenya, where, together with her husband, she spent several days at the Treetops Hotel, nestled among the branches of a huge centuries-old tree. According to some data, on February 7, 1952, in the hotel’s guest registration book a record appeared that for the first time in the entire history of civilization the princess climbed a tree but came down from it like a queen.
In spite of the fact that in the post-war years the economy had just begun a long period of recovery, a huge amount of money was allocated from the treasury for the festive decoration of the streets. The snow-white satin dress for the coronation ceremony was created by the court tailor Norman Hartnell. It was embroidered with the national emblems of Britain and the Commonwealth countries ‒ English roses, Canadian maple leaves, and Irish clover, as well as other flowers that have symbolic meaning for Britain.
ReignIn strict accordance with the existing tradition of parliamentary monarchy, the Queen performs functions that are exclusive representative in nature, and she does not have the right to exert influence over the governance of the country. After the coronation, Elizabeth II made a six-month tour of the British colonies, countries of the Commonwealth, and many countries of the world.
During her reign, the Queen met with politicians, entrepreneurial leaders, scientists, and cultural figures. Among celebrities who were honored to visit Buckingham Palace in different years were Elizabeth Taylor, Yuri Gagarin, and The Beatles, as well as presidents of different countries.
Elizabeth II personal lifeIn his youth, Prince Philip, the grandson of the King of Greece, was a tall and well-proportioned blond, who was amazingly handsome. In 1937, at a tea party in Dartmoor, the young man did not immediately notice a thirteen-year-old girl, who couldn’t avert her rapturous glance from him. After the end of the reception this girl, Princess Elizabeth, locked herself in her room and wrote a letter to the handsome prince.
Queen Elizabeth II nowDespite her age, Elizabeth continues to fulfill her duties and represent the interests of Britain in different countries of the world. In 2017, defending the right to her own opinion, she openly blamed Mr.Trump for his inappropriate behavior, as well as Kim Jong-un’s warlike policy, and in 2018, she expressed the hope that she would wait until the time when Russia would be ruled not by Mr. Putin, but by another person "who had not lost touch with reality".
In 2019, the Republican part of the British population was dissatisfied with the growth of grants for the maintenance of Queen Elizabeth II-the amount reached 82 million pounds, and the total expenses of the court amounted to 300 million.