Biography of Bashar Al-AssadBashar Al-Assad is a Syrian politician elected president in 2000. He is also the general secretary of the ruling Ba’ath party and a member of the Nusayri community.
Early years and Bashar Al-Assad’s familyOn September 11, 1965, the third child – the son Bashar – was born in the family of the general of the Syrian air defence and air force Hafez al-Assad. A little later, the head of the family became the Minister of Defense, and, in 1971, seized power in the country.
As the first stage of education for the boy, predictably, the metropolitan high school al-Hurriya was chosen, where many children of political elite studied. During his school years, Bashar studied the main European languages, including English, which the politician speaks fluently.
After completing the internship at the hospital, Bashar left for the capital of Great Britain, to train at St. Mary’s Hospital. Back then, in 1991, none of his London acquaintances knew who the gifted young man really was; moreover, he went under a different name. At the new workplace, Bashar proved himself to be a good professional. He communicated with intellectuals, and besides medicine was fond of computers.
Bashar Al-Assad’s political careerThe young man had to be trained in the military academy of Homs. Gradually, he became a frequent visitor to the top government offices, and took several government positions at once: he became an adviser to the president, headed the country's security service, as well as the anti-corruption committee. While still a student at high school, he was acquainted with the entire generation of children of the elite, and in his subsequent rule lobbied their economic interests.
The long and hard work for the sake of building his name allowed the young man to win the honest support of the Syrian people. He was considered a progressive and fair politician. For example, it was thanks to the young al-Assad Syria got Internet (1998) and mobile communications (2000).
When in 2000 his father died of heart failure, Bashar al-Assad became the undisputed favourite for the presidency of the country and the leader of the ruling Ba’ath party. The only obstacle was the age limit for presidential candidates, but Parliament "jumped on" this insignificant hindrance and promptly amended the country's constitution, lowering the minimum age requirement from 40 to 34 years.
Bashar Al-Assad – President of SyriaAlso in 2000, the 34-year-old Bashar al-Assad was elected president by an absolute majority. Like his father, he was given the military rank of general and supreme commander of the Syrian army.
In 2007, he won the uncontested presidential elections, which were actually a federal referendum, where 97.6% of Syrian residents supported his candidacy.
In early 2011, a political crisis began in Syria. The protest atmosphere in the country was heating up. The Syrian government made some concessions, in particular, promising to implement some radical reforms. The constitutional provision that enshrined the special position of the ruling Ba’ath party was annulled, and Assad announced the lifting of the state of emergency in force in Syria since 1963. On March 29, 2011 Bashar al-Assad accepted the resignation of the government and created a new cabinet.
The decision to use the army to disperse the protesters led to the mass casualties among the opposition - by the end of May, according to various estimates, the number of victims among the dissenters exceeded one thousand. The opposition accused the army of using chemical weapons of mass destruction. These allegations were regularly heard in subsequent years.
In May 2011, the US and EU imposed sanctions against Syria. The country has lost supplies of Western weapons, while foreign bank accounts of the Syrian government elite, including the accounts of Assad himself, had been frozen.
The greatest threat to his authority and stability in the country was the terrorist organization ISIL. At the same time, the opposition was supported by main European countries, the United States and nearby neighbours - Israel, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. In view of the superior enemy forces at the end of 2015, Bashar al-Assad officially appealed to the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin for help.