Alexei Navalny’s BiographyAlexei Anatolievich Navalny is a lawyer, a wide-known anti-corruption blogger, and a protest leader. He founded the Fund for Combatting Corruption (FBK) and heads the Progress Party. Previously he boarded airline company Aeroflot and took part in Moscow’s mayoral election in 2013 with the second place.
In 2013, Navalny was set for trial in a case with Kirovles. However, three years later the European Court of Human Rights had declared the case as politicized and entitled the conviction to be reviewed. Nevertheless, the court rendered the guilty verdict.
In December 2016, Navalny stated his intention to take part in the presidential election in 2018.
Childhood and EducationAlexei Navalny was born in a small military town near Moscow, called Butyn. His father, Anatoly Navalny, was born in Chernobyl district, graduated from the Kiev Military Institute and took a commission in Moscow. His mother, Lyudmila Ivanovna, has grown in a village near Zelenograd, graduated from the institute, and worked as a lab tech in a Research Institute producing microelectronics. Later on, she worked in the timber processing industry.
Professional Activity and BusinessWhile studying in PFUR Navalny occupied the job of a lawyer in the Aeroflot Bank. In 1997, he registered Ltd. «Allekt». In 1998, he began working at «ST-group» belonging to the Chigirinsky brothers. There he worked for about a year and was engaged in currency control and Antimonopoly legislation. In 1999, Navalny left «ST-group» and got a lawyer diploma.
Public and Political ActivityIn 2000, Alexei Navalny has joined the Russian democratic party Yabloko and became a member of the Federal political council of the party. Two years later, he was elected to the regional council of Yabloko’s Moscow department. From 2004 to 2007, Navalny headed the Moscow office of the party.
Anti-Corruption ActivitiesIn May 2008, Navalny announced in his blog he and his like-minded fellows intend to find out why the trader Gunvor sells the oil of major Russian state-owned companies. According to Alexey, he appealed to the leaders of «Rosneft», «Surgutneftegaz» and «Gazprom Neft», but received no explanation. By the way, Navalny is a minority shareholder of the companies «Surgutneftegaz», «Rosneft», «Gazprom Neft», and «VTB».
In the beginning of 2012, Navalny and his team launched the project RosVybory to observe the presidential elections. 17 thousand observers took part in the project.
Moscow mayoral electionAlexei Navalny declared his candidacy for Moscow mayor leadership in the early 2013 elections from the party RPR–Parnas.
Acting Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin commented on Navalny’s actions in the following way: «To be honest, I don't know what are the prospects of the candidate Navalny. We have done everything possible to register his to elections so that the Muscovites have a wider selection among the candidates in Moscow mayors».
The Prosecution. Kirovles CaseOn 5 December 2011, the next day after the elections to the State Duma, Alexei Navalny spoke at a sanctioned protest meeting on Chistoprudny Boulevard. Muscovites that joined the meeting were disagreed with the election results and put forward allegations of fraud to the electoral Commission and the United Russia party.
May 9, 2012, Navalny was again sentenced to arrest for 15 days. This time for participating in an illegal public event on Kudrinskaya square, the so-called Folk festivals, which became the sign of mass protest against the dispersal of the March of millions that took place earlier on May 6. The marchers were unhappy with the fact the inauguration of Vladimir Putin. Navalny appealed to the European Court Of Human Rights for this detention and arrest.
Navalny denied the charges, citing the partisanship of the case, as shortly before this he presented in his blog the information about Transneft, and also accused Opalev in «creating unthinkable schemes» for the sale of logging. According to Navalny, he has achieved dismissal of Opalev and a complete audit of Kirovles, which was the reason for initiation of the case.
The case again came to court in April 2013. The testimony of the prosecution witnesses talked about the fact that the cooperation of Kirovles with VLK was unprofitable for the first. However, the VLK partners testified that the logs they were shipped they bought at market prices, and they have no complaints to both defendants. Addressing the court, the Governor of the Kirov region Belykh also said that the VLK activities did not detrimental to the region budget.
18 July 2013, Navalny was sentenced to five years in prison and a fine (500 thousand rubles). Ofitserov was sentenced to four years in prison and a similar fine. The sentence was made during Navalny’s election campaign in the mayoral election.
Alexei Navalny appealed to the ECHR, which in February 2016 confirmed the fact of violation of the rights of people accused in the case of Kirovles. However, it didn’t recognize the case as politically motivated, as Navalny and Ofitserov’s lawyers urged.
At the end of 2016, the court again began consideration of the case of Kirovles. The new sentence, according to Navalny, repeated the previous word to word. The accused were again sentenced to 4 and 5 years of probation. On the same day, the ECHR condemned the verdict, calling the whole process’s mission to exclude Navalny from the political process of the country.
2016–2020In December 2016, Navalny announced that he intends to take part in the presidential elections of 2018, thereby launching his campaign, during which he, together with like-minded people has opened several campaign offices in the largest cities of Russia.
In March 2017, the FBK has posted on YouTube a 50-minute film «Don’t call him Dimon» representing the investigation of a multi-level corruption scheme of Dmitry Medvedev. Three weeks later, mass meetings were held all across Russia. The participants demanded answers from Medvedev about the information contained in the video.
In 2018 Alexei Navalny tried to become a candidate in the presidential elections, but the government didn't allow it in a pretty illegal way in a last moment. But his campaign has an effective result – all Russia was covered by his headquarters. Their members are mostly young people who want to change Russia for the better. They make their own anti-corruption investigations in regions.
Alexei Navalny’s Private LifeAlexey Navalny is married. The opposition leader's wife’s name is Julia, maiden surname Abrosimova. They met at a Turkey resort in 1999. The couple has two children: daughter Daria (born 2001) and son Zachary (born in 2008).
In 2019 his daughter Daria enrolled at Stanford University.
Poisoning of Alexei NavalnyAccording to Zoomboola.com, in August 20, 2020, the poisoning of Alexei Navalny was established on board an aircraft flying from Tomsk to Moscow. The politician got sick right during the flight - Alexey went to the restroom and lost consciousness there, uttering screams before that. After being hospitalized Alexei fell into a coma and was connected to a ventilator. Soon, Navalny's wife managed to get him transported to a university hospital in Berlin.
On September 7, 2020, Alexei Navalny was taken out of a coma and disconnected from mechanical ventilation. It was reported that the politician was already breathing on his own and responding to someone else's speech.
After discharge from the hospital, Alexey didn’t hide his intentions to come back to Russia. In December, while Navalny temporary lived and got treatment in Berlin, investigation media Bellingcat named his poisoners, FSS officers with medical and chemistry education. Journalists used an information from leaked databases.
Come back to RussiaWhile Alexey was undergoing treatment in Germany, Russian Federal Penitentiary Service had claims to Navalny's compliance with the rules of probation in the case of Yves Rosher. He didn’t fulfill all the requirements of FPS and "avoided the control of the inspection" because he was in coma.
On 30 of December, one day before the end of his probation, FPS demanded to replace the probation by jail.
On 17 of January, Alexey back to Moscow. More than 2 thousand of his supporters gathered in Vnukovo airport, where his plane should have landed. But at the last time the plane turn back and landed in Sheremetyevo airport. Navalny was arrested on passport control and delivered to police department in Khimki. The next day he had a court right in the police department. It was a precedent for the Russian judicial system. Journalists didn’t allow to the proceeding, except journalists of pro-Kremlin "Life" and "Russia 24" media.
Navalny in prisonNavalny was sent to Corrective labor colony in Pokrov, Vladymir Region which is well-known for a very hard order. Very soon, Alexey felt problems with his health. The right leg began to fail, then the numbness spread to other limbs.
All Russian opposition ‘s demands to let Navalny been watched by doctor were ignored, despite the unequivocal reaction of Western countries and numerous open letters addressed personally to Putin. One of these appeals was signed by world-famous stars, including JK Rowling, Thom Yorke, Stephen Fry and Benedict Cumberbatch. On March 31, 2021, Alexei Navalny went on a hunger strike, leaving only water in his diet.
In the end of 2021 Navalny gave a long interview to New York Times where told about Putin's further plans and his view on future of Russia. On 22 of March 2022, Alexey was found guilty in the case of contempt of court and in the case of fraud - the court ruled that Navalny embezzled the FBK donations. He was sentenced to 9 years in a strict regime colony and a fine of 1.2 million rubles.